Future of Electric vehicle: Clean cities or End of Earth

  • Electric vehicles working on electric energy supply do not emit any kind of CO₂ or harmful greenhouse gases.
  • Electricity is cheaper than liquid and gaseous fuels because of cheaper tax rates on electricity.
  • Electric vehicles reduce the usage of mechanical parts which helps in noise reduction.
  • Electric vehicles have comparatively cheaper maintenance costs.
  • Long battery life (about 10 years).
  • In electric vehicles, the clutch mechanism is not required which makes the vehicle easier to drive.
  • A regenerative braking system is very useful in electric vehicles which absorbs back the loss of kinetic energy due to braking and increases efficiency.
  • In between two successive rides, batteries are to be recharged. The time required to recharge the batteries is much longer (30–40 mins).
  • The driving range and speed of electric vehicles are also lesser.
  • Electricity is cheaper but its availability with an increase in usage of electric vehicles will make it costlier.
  • Initial investment costs of electric vehicles are very steep.
  • The availability of charging stations has also been an issue in current circumstances.
  • On an electric supply, vehicles are restricted to manufacture for more than 4–6 passengers.
  • Rapid charging technology of electric batteries harms the ecosystem by releasing harmful rays into the atmosphere.
  • On earth, 80% of electricity-producing power plants are chemical-based using non-renewable sources of energy.
  1. Conventional vehicles:
  1. Electric vehicles:
  1. Anthracite coal…………………….205.7
  2. Bituminous coal……………………228.6
  3. Diesel or heating oil……………….161.3
  4. Petrol or gasoline or kerosene…….157.2
  5. Propane ……………………………139
  6. Natural gas …………………….….117

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